Students participated in the YouthTruth Student Survey during a multi-week survey window. The survey was administered online, with administration coordinated by school personnel.
Throughout this report, we remove any results reflecting responses from fewer than five respondents in order to preserve respondent confidentiality. If fewer than five respondents of any given subgroup at your school respond to a particular question, the average rating of that particular subgroup for that question will not appear in your report. If fewer than five respondents of any given subgroup at your school respond to the entire survey, the average ratings of that particular subgroup will not appear separately for any questions, although they will contribute to your overall ratings.
Throughout this report, you will see a number of references to the "typical" YouthTruth school. These guidelines describe our approach to characterizing schools’ results relative to the “typical” school.
To help make comparisons more contextually meaningful, you can toggle to compare your results to a subset of participants with similar characteristics. Most schools participate in the YouthTruth surveys alongside other schools within their local school district or network. When this is the case, schools can compare their results to those of other schools in their district or network. Reports also include a set of comparison groups that allow for comparisons across school-level indicators related to poverty, school size, school type, and geography. These groups include:
Cohort Name Description Number of schools CA schools Schools located in California. 113 High poverty schools Greater than or equal to 70% of a district or school's students receiving free or reduced price lunch. 178 Rural schools Schools not located in an urbanized area. 122 Suburban schools Schools located in an urbanized area, but outside a principal city. 135 Small city schools Schools located in an urbanized area and in a principal city with a population of less than 250,000. 70 Large city schools Schools located in an urbanized area and in a principal city with a population greater than or equal to 250,000. 122 Small size schools Less than or equal to 300 students. 189 Large size schools Greater than or equal to 1200 students but less than 2500 students. 103 Very large size schools Greater than or equal to 2500 students. 9 Charter schools Publicly funded, independently managed schools established under the terms of a charter with a local or national authority. 46 Early college schools Schools that implement an early college model. 61 PBL schools Schools utilizing project-based-learning models as part of curriculum. 44 STEM schools Schools utilizing a curriculum focusing primarily on science, technology, engineering, and math. 65
The four geographic cohorts are defined based on collapsed categories using NCES locale codes. For more information on NCES methodology, please visit http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/rural_locales.asp.
Respondents are also asked a series of demographic questions, the responses from which are used to create subgroup comparisons that you can toggle throughout your report.
YouthTruth survey questions are grouped into summary measures, each of which captures data from statistically related questions. To identify these summary measures, YouthTruth uses factor analysis, a statistical tool that analyzes underlying patterns in the data.
In your report, subsections titled, for example, “Engagement Questions” include the survey questions that comprise the summary measure, or factor, describing Engagement. Subsections titled “Related Questions” contain survey questions that are thematically but not statistically related to the factor.
For the middle and high school Overall School Experience surveys, certain summary measures were developed after the launch of the survey. Therefore the number of schools in the comparative dataset for those questions. For more information about the development of summary measures and the analytical techniques used, please refer to the YouthTruth Design and Methodology Report here.
Throughout this report, for any question with fewer than five responses, we do not display data at the school- or subgroup-level in order to preserve student confidentiality. For example, if fewer than five ninth-graders at [schoolshort] respond to a particular question, the average rating of [schoolshort] ninth-graders for that question will not appear.